August 4, 2023

A Warning From Recent History

Bola Tinubu, Nigeria's current President who is spearheading an illegal war against Niger, is a heroin dealer who was charged in Illinois for heroin trafficking and money laundering in the 1990s. He was invited by former President Obama to his inauguration and again to his official nomination announcement four years later.

An excerpt from, "Niger: Nigeria cuts power supply, ECOWAS vows to confront junta" Punch, August 3, 2023:

Power supply from Nigeria to the Republic of Niger was stopped on Wednesday, as sanctions against the neighbouring country by the Economic Community of West African States increases.

On Sunday, ECOWAS, led by Nigerian President Bola Tinubu, decided on sanctions against the military personnel in Niger who toppled President-elect Mohamed Bazoum’last week.


Alongside the concurrent Vietnam War, the Nigerian Civil War was one of the first wars in human history to be televised to a global audience. In mid-1968, images of malnourished and starving Biafran children saturated the mass media of Western countries. The plight of the starving Biafrans became a cause célèbre in foreign countries, enabling a significant rise in the funding and prominence of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Biafra received international humanitarian aid from civilians during the Biafran airlift, an event which inspired the formation of Doctors Without Borders following the end of the war. The United Kingdom and the Soviet Union were the main supporters of the Nigerian government, while France, Israel (after 1968) and some other countries supported Biafra. The United States' official position was one of neutrality, considering Nigeria as "a responsibility of Britain", but some interpret the refusal to recognise Biafra as favouring the Nigerian government.

The war exposed flaws in pan-Africanism early in the era of African independence from colonialism, by providing evidence that the peoples of Africa are too diverse to find common unity, and it also revealed early weaknesses of the Organization of African Unity. The war also resulted in the political marginalization of the Igbo people, as Nigeria has not had another Igbo president since the end of the war, leading some Igbo people to believe they are being unfairly punished for the war. Igbo nationalism has emerged since the end of the war, as well as various neo-Biafran secessionist groups such as the Indigenous People of Biafra and Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra.

. . .

The war cost the Igbos a great deal in terms of lives, money and infrastructure. It has been estimated that up to one million people may have died due to the conflict, most from hunger and disease caused by Nigerian forces. More than half a million people died from the famine imposed deliberately through blockade throughout the war. Lack of medicine also contributed. Thousands of people starved to death every day as the war progressed. The International Committee of the Red Cross in September 1968 estimated 8,000 to 10,000 deaths from starvation each day. The leader of a Nigerian peace conference delegation said in 1968 that "starvation is a legitimate weapon of war and we have every intention of using it against the rebels". This stance is generally considered to reflect the policy of the Nigerian government. The federal Nigerian army is accused of further atrocities including deliberate bombing of civilians, mass slaughter with machine guns, and rape.
The Nigerian military has starved, suffocated, tortured to death or otherwise executed more than 8,000 people in its quest to eradicate the terrorist group Boko Haram, according to a new report by Amnesty International.

The report follows the 2014 FRONTLINE investigation, Hunting Boko Haram, which gathered cell phone videos and witness testimony of atrocities allegedly committed by Nigerian security forces, including the military and civilian militias operating with the blessing of the government.

Boko Haram has waged war in Nigeria since about 2009, blowing up buses and churches, massacring civilians and abducting schoolchildren and others. In the first three months of this year alone, the group killed more than 1,000 people.

The government has fought back, but not without controversy. In 2012, it declared a state of emergency and began a massive crackdown in the northeast of Nigeria, where Boko Haram is entrenched. There, FRONTLINE found, security forces have indiscriminately rounded up young men and boys to be beaten, tortured and killed. After the documentary aired, the Nigerian government said it would launch an “intensive investigation” into those allegations.